What is ABA Therapy?

Insights to Behavior

takes the behavior assessment and generates suggested strategies to

customize behavior support plans.

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a scientific, systematic and evidence-based approach to understanding and changing behavior in order to improve people’s lives. By analyzing how an individual’s current behaviors function — meaning how those behaviors meet certain needs in a particular environment — a behavior analyst can identify ways to modify the environment and teach new skills that will improve an individual’s health and safety, ability to communicate, social relationships and independence

For example, in an ABA session, a behavior therapist will reinforce desired behaviors or functional skills by providing desired outcomes, such as a candy, toys, games, praise, etc., when a desired behavior is exhibited. Behavior therapists will withhold reinforcements when undesired behaviors, such as tantrums and aggression, are displayed. Students quickly learn that desired behaviors will easily and rapidly bring them desired results, whereas undesired behaviors will not bring about desired outcomes. Over time, prompts and rewards are gradually removed to help the student learn to integrate desirable behavior in natural environments.

Research has shown that ABA is a very effective treatment for students with autism spectrum disorders and other developmental delays.